Fighters and bombers #5 – The Land Rover Defender

  • Model – Land Rover Defender 110 HSE
  • Year of manufacture – 2022
  • Engine – L6, 3.0 biturbo petrol – 400 bhp / 550 Nm
  • 8-Speed automatic gearbox
  • Performance : 0-100 km/h in 6,1 s
  • Top speed : 191 km/h

After returning our beloved Jaguar F-Pace in June 2021, we need a replacement SUV, again capable of towing our trailer with the Morgan 3-Wheeler. Our first idea is to buy another Jaguar F-Pace, as the size of the vehicle was ideal for the two of us: not too big, and really sporty (despite being an SUV) with any of the six cylinders engines.

This time, the new Ingenium P400 is the preferred choice; a petrol in-line six cylinders engine, with an incredible amount of power – 400 bhp – and enough torque – 550 Nm – to pull the trailer.

But then Jaguar Land Rover tells us that they can’t order the F-Pace with this engine and, even worse, with the options we are asking for. Because of a tremendous Worldwide lack of microprocessors! Been the towing ball the most important one. If we are thinking about spending such a huge amount of money on a new car, we really want it configured our way… so, we decide to wait until we can buy the car we really want.

Then I started looking at other options outside the Jaguar Land Rover brand. After some test drives and visits to different dealers, the only real option is the smallest new Porsche Macan S. But again, Porsche tells us they can’t guarantee all the options because of the microprocessor’s crisis, and the delivery time is “undefined” but for sure longer than six months… So, we decide to keep waiting.

Then, end of January this year 2022, I go a Monday morning to collect our fabulous 1988 fully restored Range Rover Vogue SE, after its last revision before been sold. I get into the showroom, sit down with our nice friend and salesman Guillermo, and ask again about a new F-Pace with a six cylinders P400 engine. He tells me again that it’s still impossible to order the car we want, but then asks me if I mind about the size of the car. Well, it depends on the model, and the price, of course…

And then he shows me the beast. A brand-new white Land Rover Defender 110 with all the extras we want. Just arrived fresh from factory last Friday. The car was in the showroom just for few hours! And they already had calls from other dealer’s shops asking for it and offering a reserve.

With the HSE termination, black alloy 22” wheels, and a lot of gadgets and options, this humungous white beast, with its black leather interior, is really stunning. And of course, it has the towing options we need! I call Ana Maria and send her a few pictures. She loves it too! Guillermo puts a reservation for us, to avoid the car “flying away” before we send all the paperwork.

We come back the afternoon so she can see the car live too. Give all the paperwork, and the operation is fortunately approved really quick and easy. We have a new car!

The delivery takes a little longer than usual, as we ask for an extra option: the front and rear Land Rover dashcams. It’s a security item that I personally wanted. In Spain it’s still not mandatory, but the recording of the dashcams is already accepted as a proof in case you have a trial against another driver.

Three weeks after signing all the papers, the Land Rover is parked at home, aside our trailer with the 3-Wheeler.

Fantastic! We’re really happy with this super comfortable new machine! Now it’s time to enjoy it!

Fighters and bombers #4 – The Range Rover

  • Model – Range Rover Vogue SE
  • Year of manufacture – 1988
  • Engine – V8, 3.5 l EFI petrol – 163 bhp / 279 Nm
  • 4-Speed ZF automatic gearbox
  • Performance : 0-100 km/h in 12 s
  • Top speed : 170 km/h

The story of this “bomber” is a nice one! How did we ended up owning a 1988 Range Rover? Well, this car was purchased by a family of friends in 1988. By then, a Range Rover Vogue SE with the V8 3.5 l EFI petrol engine and the 4-Speed automatic ZF gearbox was the summit of the 4×4.

Beautiful 4×4 beast

Ana Maria came to Madrid in 1998 to do a master’s degree. Coming from Guatemala, she was used to drive large 4×4 cars, American style, so when she was offered by these friends to buy their Range Rover in 2001 she thought it was a nice opportunity. It was never used off-road, and as Madrid is such a dry area the car was neat with zero rust. It was in excellent conditions. And driving such a huge 4×4 in the busy city of Madrid – huge for us, remember this is Europe – was comfortable for her.

Few years later we got married, and the Range Rover stayed with us until today. For years, we didn’t use it on a daily basis, but it was always there in the garage, ready to roar every time we needed it.

It was in 2018 that we decided to do something. We couldn’t keep this big car in the garage and just let it get older without some special care. As these classic Range Rovers are more and more appreciated, we took the big decision to restore it. And it was a full restoration. New leather upholstery, body, engine, etc. Look how it shines today!

The interior was totally renewed with excellent Nappa leather.
The wood is a real massive piece!
During the restoration we paid special attention to all details.

This “bomber” is now looking pristine again and runs smoother than ever.

Shining like new! Who would say it has now 32 years?

We love it, and we believe it’s a great value vintage car. However, as we don’t use it that much anymore, we decided to put it for sale. Anyone interested? Don’t hesitate to contact us and ask!

SOLD! Our beloved beautiful Range Rover was sold in February 2022 to a very nice chap from Denmark. We’re sure he will enjoy it as much as we did. We met in Copenhagen for New Year’s Eve 2021-22, and we are really happy to know he’s the one keeping that fantastic car.

Fighters and bombers #3 – The Jaguar F-Pace

  • Model – Jaguar F-Pace S
  • Year of manufacture – 2016
  • Engine – V6, 3.0 l biturbo diesel – 300 bhp / 700 Nm
  • 8-Speed automatic gearbox
  • Performance : 0-100 km/h in 6,4 s
  • Top speed : 241 km/h

Since June 2016, our day-to-day car is the Jaguar F-Pace. We changed from the classic sedan (the Jaguar XJ) to the SUV concept looking for practicability.

We looked for a car with a large boot, 4×4 if possible, and that could be equipped with a towing ball.

Coming from a Jaguar XJ, and being extremely satisfied with the brand, we thought of the F-Pace as a natural successor for the XJ.

So, the brand-new F-Pace was our choice. In Dark Sapphire Blue and Brogue leather interior with satin Burl Ash wood trim.

We heavily equipped this machine, with 22” rims, sunroof, heated and ventilated seats, heated steering wheel, memory pack, adaptive cruise control, blind spot assist, high-speed emergency braking, 360º surround cameras, park assist, head-up display and all the possible gadgets on the list. The result is a super-fast “bomber” excellent for long distance journeys. And its incredible torque and power makes it an excellent partner for towing the trailer with the 3-Wheeler in it.

Since June 2016 that the F-Pace “bomber” was delivered, until the day we’re writing these lines (August 2020) we never had a single problem with this car. Still extremely satisfied with Jaguar!

NO MORE WITH US! As the renting contract ended in June 2021, we sadly returned our fantastic Jaguar F-Pace to the renting company. They asked too much money for it if we wanted to keep it, been five years old. So, despite it has less than 50.000 km, and looking like new, we decided to say goodbye and open the slot for a new “bomber”.

Fighters and bombers #2 – The trailer

The Morgan 3-Wheeler is a fantastic vehicle. It’s light, fun, fast, and designed to enjoy driving. However, as we have already pointed out in other posts, it has some particularities to consider if you plan to travel with it.

Limitations such as the luggage space are solved by the 3-Wheeler travelers in one way or another. You also must consider that you are driving an open vehicle, so, like on a motorbike, you’re exposed to the weather conditions. Sun, rain, wind, kamikaze insects smashing your forehead, etc. Having an intercom to talk to your partner is also important. And depending on the distances you will drive, the fuel range is to be studied with care too, to avoid finding yourself in the middle of a desertic road with an empty tank.

The truth is that you can travel as far as you want in your 3-Wheeler, once you assume the above-mentioned characteristics, and plan your trip accordingly.

Then, why buying a trailer for the 3-Wheeler? Ana Maria and I discussed about it and, despite it was an important cost, we decided to buy one for two big reasons.

The first one is that we would like to do some trips with the Morgan that imply exceptionally long road distances. If we want to join our friends for the Jungfrau Treffen in Switzerland, or Le Mans in France, Isle Of Man in the UK, or any other 3-Wheeler event celebrated abroad, we’re talking about many hundreds of kilometers – probably much more than a thousand – from our home base in Madrid. Driving these very long distances, just the two of us in the tiny 3-Wheeler, to join the rest of the gang, can be physical and mentally quite demanding. But if you cover part of this distance sitting comfortably in our SUV, towing the 3-Wheeler in the trailer, and use the 3-Wheeler only the key days, the trip will result globally much more comfortable and feasible.

The second reason is getting the Morgan safely parked inside the protection of the trailer. Because we live in an urbanization with three large apartments’ buildings, and our garage is used by many others. It’s not like we live with vandals in a terrible ghetto, but we are hundreds of people, and statistically you can have few “badge stealing baboons”, or worse. So, keeping the Morgan inside a closed trailer out of sight of these few primates is the best option to avoid displeasures.

With the decision taken, it is time to decide which kind of trailer we want. And this is not a simple task! If you’re planning to tow a trailer with a Morgan 3-Wheeler on it, you have to consider this is no ordinary car. It’s compact, and light. But still weights over 585 kg if you have the Euro4 version. You’ll easily pass the 600 kg with a full fuel tank. If you consider that a good quality trailer, with the characteristics we asked for, weights 725 kg, the sum is way over a ton. A two- axles trailer is, in our opinion, a must.

The 3-Wheeler dimensions (5-Speeder)

So, what’s concerning about the Morgan 3-Wheeler that you can’t simply buy a standard trailer?

First matter: the three wheels

It has three wheels! Oh yes… three wheels. So what? Well, if you check on the Internet, most of the standard trailers for vehicles available have only two narrow ramps for the vehicle to get on the platform! Without a central third ramp, the 3-Wheeler could not be loaded.

So, your trailer needs three ramps. Or, as we chose, a large rear ramp as wide as the trailer. We believe this is the best solution, because a single large ramp that can tilt will act as a door and protection for the back of the trailer.

View of the rear ramp / door.

The second matter: the balance point

The balance point of the 3-Wheeler is very much at the front than in a normal car. The huge S&S V-Twin 2 liters engine is far at the front of the car, followed by the Centa drive, clutch and gearbox just behind it. All this in front of the seats. Behind the seats you only have the bevel box, rear arm and wheel, and the fuel tank, covered with a really light ash wood frame and aluminum body, which do not counterbalance the weight at the front. So, where exactly is the balance point of the 3-Wheeler?

We asked Morgan Motor Company, but unfortunately had no reply. So, it was again our dear colleagues of the Talk Morgan forum who helped us to sort it out. This forum is an inexhaustible source of information, coming from incredibly experienced people. Thanks to them, we can say now that we know exactly where this balance point is!

Oh.. yeah… We know it now!

The location of the balance point on the trailer is absolutely critical. If it’s behind the axles, it can cause the trailer to stray uncontrollably and cause an accident. The following video is a good example of how the weight must be distributed on a trailer.

For this reason, the first thing we consider is to have the Morgan loaded looking forward on the platform. So, the balance point is closer to the tow ball. If we do it the other way round, so loading the 3-Wheeler backwards, and consequently having most of the weight at the end of the trailer, we would need to compensate this by moving backwards the axles. Like it happens when you’re towing a motorboat. It’s feasible, but the axles of your trailer will be far away from your towing ball, and this implies that maneuvering the trailer would be more complicated. The bigger the distance between your trailer axles and the tow ball is, the more space you’ll need while turning; and while reversing, the trailer would be much less reactive. Having the Morgan looking forward is the best technical decision.

Towing the 3-Wheeler looking forward is the best technical option.

Related to the balance point, is the tongue weight on the tow ball. If there is too much weight on the tow ball, the towing car will suffer and behave in an inappropriate way. Too much tongue weight will affect the rear axle and suspensions, the braking, and the steering of the towing car. To avoid excessive tongue weight, we need to place the axles of the trailer in the correct position, so the balance point is between the axles.

Today, most of the four wheeled cars have their balance point really centered. The manufacturers try to position the balance point so the front and rear axles stand each one 50% of the car’s weight. A consequence of this tendency is that the standard trailers offered as vehicle platform have their axle(s) centered in the middle length of the platform. And this is not good if you’re planning to tow a 3-Wheeler! If your axles are in the middle of the platform, and load it looking forward, you’ll have excessive tongue weight on your towing ball. And if you load it looking backwards, you’ll have your trailer swaying uncontrollably.

Considering all the matters mentioned above, we decided to design a specific trailer for the Morgan 3-Wheeler, according to the simple drawing here below.

Knowing that the car’s balance point is well ahead, the ideal position of the axles should be such that the balance point is between them, a little ahead of the center line that separates both axles. With this design, our trailer has a perfect balance. With the 3-Wheeler loaded on it, we can retract the jockey wheel, and the trailer stays perfectly flat. In fact, it’s like a standard trailer, but with the axles moved forward. Not a big challenge for a trailer manufacturer. So, we have a perfect tongue weight and a hyper stable trailer!

Third matter: the dimensions

Another important design characteristic of the trailer is how compact it is. The platform is 3 500 mm long, and, more important, just 2 000 mm wide. Considering that the 3-Weeler is 1 738 mm wide and 3 260 mm long, it is a real challenge to build a suitable trailer so compact. We can’t make mistakes and find out that the 3-Wheeler doesn’t fit in once the trailer is manufactured!

About the width – For us it is mandatory that the trailer is not wider than 2 000 mm. We want to park it in our garage, where the parking places are 4,9 x 2,7 m. And our SUV is almost 2 000 mm wide, and we don’t want to tow a trailer wider than the car. The only solution to have a 2 000 mm wide platform and the trailer not being wider than this, is to put the wheels below the platform. But if you use regular size wheels, the platform will be too high. The solution is to use special axles with small diameter wheels: 195/55/10 to be more precise. This size of wheel is not very common, but if your trailer manufacturer is an experienced one, he should be able to offer them. The 10inch rim is the key to success here.

About the length – A 3 500 mm length platform is sufficient for the 3-Wheeler. But obviously the trailer must be longer, as the tongue needs to have a minimum length. The trailer final design has a total length of 4 750 mm, with 3 500 mm of platform. Which is a very reasonable length! And it fits within the garage place.

The trailer fits in perfectly!
Perfect length. The trailer stays inside the limits of the garage place.

Fourth matter: the loading and unloading

As we put the wheels below the platform, and despite the wheels are special small diameter ones, the platform is relatively high, at 600 mm above ground. We could have designed the trailer with a lower platform, but then the wheels would be external to the platform, increasing the width by no less than 400 mm! So, the trailer would have be of 2 400 mm width, which is really a lot, and much wider than a regular SUV with the annoying consequences for driving.

The problem is that the breakover and departure angles of the 3-Wheeler are not particularly good because the car is very low. The approach angle is totally the opposite: the best possible as the front wheels are the very front of the vehicle. So, the 3-Wheeler has simply no front overhang, and the rear one despite being short has the mentioned disadvantage of being extremely low. Then, if we just drop the back door / ramp, the angles of this ramp with the floor and with the platform could be such that the 3-Wheeler would rub its rear end and its belly while being loaded and unloaded from the trailer.

How can we solve this problem? With a tilting platform. Again, if your trailer’s manufacturer is a good one, this will not be a challenge at all. You can see in the following pictures how the platform tilts and makes a smooth loading ramp for the Morgan.

Best solution is a tilting platform.
Here you can see the trailer with the platform flat, and the angles of the rear ramp.
When the platform is tilted, it’s perfectly aligned with the ramp / rear door. So the angles are minimum and the 3-Wheeler doesn’t rub anywhere.

If necessary, the platform can be fully tilted, so the back of the trailer rests on the ground and supports the weight of the Morgan when it gets in and out. However, this is not really necessary if the trailer is hooked to a towing ball (so to the towing car) or, as in our case, to a towing ball screwed to the garage wall. With the trailer fixed to the wall’s towing ball, the whole doesn’t move or tries to tilt at all when we get in and out with the Morgan.

Here is a detail of the front part of the trailer, with the tongue hooked to the wall’s towing ball, the jockey wheel (red handle), the hand brake, the manual winch (blue device) and tilting system (green devide).

Detailed view of the tongue of the trailer with its accessories.

Also, in this same picture you may notice a couple of safety devices included in our trailer. One is mandatory, due to the weight of the load: the overrun brake. It actuates on both axles. The other one is the ball coupling with anti-sway damping. Safety first!

Fifth matter: the hood

We looked at the different choices to convert the platform into a closed trailer. One option is to have a full molded polyester hood. It’s solid and the wind will flow smoother on it than on a classic canvas. This kind of polyester hood is normally fixed at the front to the platform, and then tilts so its rear end opens enough to allow the car loading. As in the next picture.

Polyester rigid hood.

But as you can also see in the above picture, this kind of hood needs a lot of height to be fully open. Unfortunately, our garage is limited to 2,25 m height. So, a rigid hood is not an option for us. We looked at other rigid options, with back doors for example. But the solution was not totally satisfactory for our need. After some exchange of ideas, we decide to go for a classic steel tubes structure with a canvas over it.

Another requirement for us was to limit the height of the trailer to minimize its impact on aerodynamics while being towed. So, the trailer with the structure should not be higher than 1 800 mm. As the platform is at 600 mm height, this let us 1 200 mm height inside the trailer. This is high enough for the 3-Wheeler and leaves the total trailer height below the 1 800 mm limit we decided.

We finally came out with the following design drawing.

Trailer’s hood design.

Here you have some pictures of how the structure looks like, so with the trailer without the canvas on.

Before installing the canvas.
On this side you can appreciate the sliding door structure.

We’re happy to say that the 1 200 mm inside height is perfect! I am 1,82 m tall, and I can drive the 3-Wheeler inside the trailer without hitting my forehead with the structure. So good enough! But what happens when the driver is inside the trailer, and needs to get in or out the Morgan? This can be really uncomfortable! To solve this problem, we designed a sliding door on the trailer’s pilot side. This is a part of the steel structure that slides forward, and a driver’s side hood door with zippers is provided covering the side and half the width of the roof so that the driver can enter and exit the vehicle by standing up. The driver’s area starts at about 1 300 mm from the nose of the 3-Wheeler and is about 1 100 mm long, so we completed the design drawing with this other one for the trailer’s manufacturer.

Perfect door / opening location.

This is how it looks like. The result is excellent!

With the canvas closed.
With the canvas open and the sliding door too.
The access top the pilot side of the 3-Wheeler is perfect.

Here are different pictures of the view you have when you’re loading the 3-Wheeler into the trailer.

Ready to get in!
And inside!

To help the maneuver we have installed six LED lamps inside. They’re powered with standard AAA batteries and have a motion sensor, so they switch on when you’re in.

We put six LED lights with motion sensor inside.

We can finally have our 3-Wheeler parked inside the trailer, totally protected against dirt and the famous “badge stealing baboons”! Plus having it hooked to the towing ball screwed to the concrete wall, and with the coupling lock, it’s impossible to move it.

Fixed and secured!

As a résumé, the main characteristics of the trailer are as follows:


  • Chassis, structure, and canvas frame: hot dipped galvanized steel
  • Floor and back ramp / door: flat hole plated


  • Platform length 3 500 mm
  • Platform width 2 000 mm
  • Platform height from ground 600 mm
  • Back door ramp / door 2 000 mm x 1 100 mm
  • Total trailer length 4 750 mm
  • Canvas structure height / height inside the trailer 1 200 mm
  • Total trailer height with canvas 1 800 mm


  • Two 900 kg axles with 195/55/10” special wheels
  • Wheels below platform
  • Hand brake on both axles
  • Overrun brake on both axles


  • Safety coupling
  • Safety lock for coupling
  • Anti-sway damping device
  • Safety cable
  • Semi-automatic jockey wheel
  • 13-pin electric connector
  • LED lights
  • Adjustable wheel stops
  • Manual cable winch
  • Manual platform tilting device
  • Tools box with key lock

If anyone wants more information about the design and manufacture of our trailer, feel free to ask!

Fighters and bombers #1 – The Morgan 3-Wheeler

Ladies and Gentlemen, this is the “fighter” this blog is based on. An amazing handcrafted machine, made in Pickersleigh Road, Malvern, United Kingdom, by the Morgan Motor Company.

Our 2020 Morgan 3-Wheeler

The Morgan Motor Company was founded in 1909 by Henry Fredrick Stanley Morgan. The success of the MMC was based on the manufacture of three wheelers. It was not until 1936 that the first four wheeled 4/4 Morgan was presented. MMC ended the production of three wheelers in 1952.

If you want to know more details about the history of the company, this is the link you have to click on:

And if you want to know more details about the Morgan 3-Wheelers history, there is not a better place than the Morgan Three Wheeler Club web page:

It was in 2011, 60 years after stopping the production of their three wheelers, that Morgan Motor Company presented a new version of their iconic 3-Wheeler: the so called 5-Speeder. And what a vehicle! The new modern 3-Wheeler has a S&S V-Twin 2 liters engine, coupled to a Mazda MX5 five speeds gearbox (that’s why it’s named the “5-Speeder”).

The latest version EU4 which is the one that Ana María and I bought, gives you “only” 68 bhp. But this power combined with the amazing torque of the massive V-Twin and a light weight of 585 kg converts this vehicle into a real little rocket, claiming a performance of 7 s for the 0-100 km/h and a top speed of 185 km/h. Little modifications make it even faster! Just imagine what the EU3 models with 82 bhp and the early ones with more than 100 bhp can do!

The car is quite compact, with just 3 260 mm length, 1 738 mm width and 1 012 mm height.

Morgan 3-Wheeler dimensions (5-Speeder)

Our model is one of the latest as we write these lines:  a 2020 model delivered January the 30th this year.

This is how it looked when we configured it the MMC car creator.


  • Morgan Sport Green (solid)


  • Decals – danger afterburn sticker in white
  • Decals – RAF inspired MOG logo
  • Decals – centre stripe detail lines in white
  • Mohair tonneau (mid brown colour)
  • Union Jack bonnet badges, coloured


  • Quilted leather stitching
  • Leather storage pockets
  • New dashboard design (aka “heritage dashboard”) with TAWNY wooden panels
  • XT waterproof leather (mid brown colour)
  • Heated seats


  • Rear mudguard


  • Under bonnet storage box
  • Headlight mesh
  • EU3 appearance pack (Ride height lowering kit + replacement of light tidy & mirrors kit + removal of intake piping kit)
  • Luggage rack

And this is the result when it arrived at the dealer’s showroom in Madrid.

Our M3W days before getting its plates on.

As mentioned at the beginning of this post, this is the “fighter” we base our blog on. We will describe the modifications and works done on the vehicle in our “Hangar works” section, and tell you about our trips, being the short ones our “Short fighter missions” and the long journeys far away from our home base the “Long range campaigns”.

Delivery moment! January 30th 2020.

We really hope you will enjoy the blog!